蒙古族医学矿物药应用概述
投稿时间:2021-08-20     点此下载全文
引用本文:孟和毕力格,王秀兰,苏都那布其,国光,塔娜,包车力格尔,赵丽美,包智杰,包晓华,奥乌力吉.蒙古族医学矿物药应用概述[J].中国现代中药,2022,24(12):2476-2482
DOI:10.13313/j.issn.1673-4890.20210820004
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作者中文名作者英文名单位中文名单位英文名E-Mail
孟和毕力格 MENG He-bi-li-ge 内蒙古蒙医药工程技术研究院,内蒙古 通辽 028000 Inner Mongolia Research Institute of Traditional Mongolian Medicine Engineering Technology, Tongliao 028000, China  
王秀兰 WANG Xiu-lan 内蒙古蒙医药工程技术研究院,内蒙古 通辽 028000 Inner Mongolia Research Institute of Traditional Mongolian Medicine Engineering Technology, Tongliao 028000, China  
苏都那布其 SUDU Na-bu-qi 内蒙古蒙医药工程技术研究院,内蒙古 通辽 028000 Inner Mongolia Research Institute of Traditional Mongolian Medicine Engineering Technology, Tongliao 028000, China  
国光 GUO Guang 内蒙古蒙医药工程技术研究院,内蒙古 通辽 028000 Inner Mongolia Research Institute of Traditional Mongolian Medicine Engineering Technology, Tongliao 028000, China  
塔娜 TA Na 内蒙古蒙医药工程技术研究院,内蒙古 通辽 028000 Inner Mongolia Research Institute of Traditional Mongolian Medicine Engineering Technology, Tongliao 028000, China  
包车力格尔 BAOCHE Li-ge-er 内蒙古蒙医药工程技术研究院,内蒙古 通辽 028000 Inner Mongolia Research Institute of Traditional Mongolian Medicine Engineering Technology, Tongliao 028000, China  
赵丽美 ZHAO Li-mei 内蒙古蒙医药工程技术研究院,内蒙古 通辽 028000 Inner Mongolia Research Institute of Traditional Mongolian Medicine Engineering Technology, Tongliao 028000, China  
包智杰 BAO Zhi-jie 内蒙古蒙医药工程技术研究院,内蒙古 通辽 028000 Inner Mongolia Research Institute of Traditional Mongolian Medicine Engineering Technology, Tongliao 028000, China  
包晓华* BAO Xiao-hua 内蒙古民族大学 蒙医药学院,内蒙古 通辽 028000 Mongolian Medical College, Inner Mongolia Minzu University, Tongliao 028000, China  
奥乌力吉 AO Wu-li-ji 内蒙古蒙医药工程技术研究院,内蒙古 通辽 028000 Inner Mongolia Research Institute of Traditional Mongolian Medicine Engineering Technology, Tongliao 028000, China  
基金项目:蒙医药研发国家重点实验室开放基金项目;国家中医药管理局委托项目第四次全国中药资源普查项目(GZY-KJS-2018-004)
中文摘要:通过查阅文献,对蒙古族医学(以下简称蒙医)中矿物药应用历史、分类、炮制、功效、剂型等进行梳理研究。蒙古族药(以下简称蒙药)三大本草著作《认药白晶鉴》《识药学》《蒙药正典》中有诸多关于矿物药的记载。蒙医中矿物药传统分类采用三级分类法,即“大类”“类”“种”;现代分类主要采用矿物晶体化学分类法和阳离子分类法。矿物药的炮制方法有259种,可归纳为火制、液体制、火液体合制、干制4类38型;功效多集中在破痞、燥协日乌素(黄水)、止腐、接骨、消食、祛巴达干等。《内蒙古蒙成药标准》等标准收载的成药(或制剂)共552首,含矿物药成分的有231首,其中应用最多的药材为石膏,其次为白矾、寒水石、光明盐、硇砂等;在剂型方面,散剂、丸剂较多,汤剂较少,极少使用外膏剂、洗剂、颗粒剂、口服液、胶囊剂、片剂、搽剂、酒剂、灰剂等。介绍了特色蒙药万年灰、赤铜灰、青金石。
中文关键词:矿物药  蒙古族医药  分类  炮制  应用
 
Application of Mineral Medicine in Mongolian Medicine
Abstract:This paper combed and studied the application history, classification, processing, efficacy, and dosage form of mineral drugs in Mongolian medicine through literature review. There are many mineral medicine records in the three major herbal works of Mongolian medicine White Crystal Mirror, Knowledge of Pharmacy, and Canon of Mongolian Medicine. The traditional classification method for the mineral drugs in Mongolian medicine is a three-level classification method, namely "big class" "class", and "species". Modern classification mainly includes the crystal chemical classification method and cation classification method. There are 259 kinds of processing methods of mineral drugs, which are summarized into 4 categories and 38 types, such as fire preparation, liquid preparation, combination of fire and liquid preparation, and dry preparation. The effect is concentrated in breaking mass, drying Xieri Wusu (yellow water), preventing corrosion, setting a broken bone, digestion, removing Badagan, etc. In the Inner Mongolia Mongolian Patent Medicine Standard, there are 552 prescriptions (or dosages), of which 231 contain mineral medicine composition, and gypsum is the most commonly-used medicine, followed by alum, gypsum rubrum, natural salt, sal ammoniac, and so on. In terms of dosage forms, powder and pill forms account for the vast majority, the decoction form is relatively few, and external ointment, lotion, granule, oral liquid, capsule, tablet, liniment, wine agent, and ash agent forms are rarely used. This paper also described three kinds of characteristic Mongolian medicines Wannianhui, Chitonghui, and Lapis lazuli.
keywords:mineral medicine  Mongolian medicine  classification  processing  application
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