古代医籍中硝石功效考证
投稿时间:2022-04-22     点此下载全文
引用本文:迟莉,王伽伯,陈婷,孙超,韦良玉.古代医籍中硝石功效考证[J].中国现代中药,2022,24(12):2483-2488
DOI:10.13313/j.issn.1673-4890.20220422001
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作者中文名作者英文名单位中文名单位英文名E-Mail
迟莉* CHI Li 首都医科大学 中医药学院,北京 100069 School of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100069, China  
王伽伯 WANG Jia-bo 首都医科大学 中医药学院,北京 100069 School of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100069, China  
陈婷 CHEN Ting 首都医科大学 中医药学院,北京 100069 School of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100069, China  
孙超 SUN Chao 首都医科大学 中医药学院,北京 100069 School of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100069, China  
韦良玉 WEI Liang-yu 首都医科大学 中医药学院,北京 100069 School of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100069, China  
中文摘要:中药硝石在古代应用广泛,具有较高的药用价值,但现代临床应用较少,濒于名存实亡。为了矿物药资源的继承和发展,基于硝石的古代文献对硝石功效进行整理,将其归纳为7类,即止痛、解毒消肿、去腐生肌、化痰软坚散结、开窍辟秽、利湿退黄、温里活血。现代医学研究证明,硝石电离后产生的硝酸根阴离子(NO3)具有重要的生理功能和防治疾病的作用。硝石的古代应用和现代研究均提示其是一种疗效确切的矿物药。建议采用现代研究方法对硝石的药理活性和毒性进行再评价,恢复其在中医临床中的应用。
中文关键词:硝石  矿物药  《中华医典》  功效  考证  硝酸盐
 
Textual Research on Efficacy of Niter Based on Ancient Medical Books
Abstract:Niter, a Chinese medicine with a high medicinal value, was widely used in ancient times of China, but now it is rarely used in clinical practice, and is on the verge of survival in name only. In order to inherit and develop mineral medicine resources, this paper summarized the efficacy of Niter based on ancient medical books into the following seven categories: relieving pain, removing toxins and relieving swelling, eliminating necrotic tissues and promoting granulation,resolving phlegm, softening hardness, and dissipating mass, opening orifice and dispelling filth, eliminating dampness and resisting icterus, and warming interior and activating blood circulation. Modern medical research has proved that nitric acid anion (NO3–) produced after Niter ionization has important physiological functions and the role of prevention and treatment of diseases. The ancient application and modern research on Niter suggest that it is a mineral medicine with definite curative effect. It is necessary to re-evaluate the pharmacological activity and toxicity of Niter by modern research methods to restore its clinical application in traditional Chinese medicine.
keywords:Niter  mineral medicine  Chinese Medical Classics  efficacy  textual research  Nitrate
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