栽培方式对前胡生长状况及其品质影响研究
投稿时间:2021-12-28     点此下载全文
引用本文:徐攀,张国安,俞叶飞,梁卫青,陈如兵,吴晓俊,楼柯浪,浦锦宝.栽培方式对前胡生长状况及其品质影响研究[J].中国现代中药,2023,25(3):559-567
DOI:10.13313/j.issn.1673-4890.20211228002
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作者中文名作者英文名单位中文名单位英文名E-Mail
徐攀 XU Pan 浙江省中医药研究院 药用资源研究中心,浙江 杭州 310007 Research Center for Medicinal Resources, Zhejiang Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Hangzhou 310007, China  
张国安 ZHANG Guo-an 浙江省磐安县黄檀林场,浙江 金华 322300 Huangtan Forest Farm of Panan County of Zhejiang Province, Jinhua 322300, China  
俞叶飞 YU Ye-fei 浙江省大盘山国家级自然保护区管理局,浙江 金华 322300 Administration Bureau of Dapanshan National Natural Reserve, Zhejiang Province, Jinhua 322300, China  
梁卫青 LIANG Wei-qing 浙江省中医药研究院 药用资源研究中心,浙江 杭州 310007 Research Center for Medicinal Resources, Zhejiang Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Hangzhou 310007, China  
陈如兵 CHEN Ru-bing 浙江省中医药研究院 药用资源研究中心,浙江 杭州 310007 Research Center for Medicinal Resources, Zhejiang Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Hangzhou 310007, China  
吴晓俊 WU Xiao-jun 浙江省中医药研究院 药用资源研究中心,浙江 杭州 310007 Research Center for Medicinal Resources, Zhejiang Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Hangzhou 310007, China  
楼柯浪 LOU Ke-lang 浙江省中医药研究院 药用资源研究中心,浙江 杭州 310007 Research Center for Medicinal Resources, Zhejiang Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Hangzhou 310007, China  
浦锦宝* PU Jin-bao 浙江省中医药研究院 药用资源研究中心,浙江 杭州 310007
道地药材国家重点实验室,北京 100700
Research Center for Medicinal Resources, Zhejiang Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Hangzhou 310007, China
State Key Laboratory of Dao-di Herbs, Beijing, 100700, China
 
基金项目:中央本级重大增减支项目(2060302);国家中医药管理局全国中药资源普查项目(GZY-KJS-2018-004);浙江省中医药科技计划中医药现代化专项(2020ZX004);浙江省磐安县中药材绿色发展示范项目(磐中药发202006)
中文摘要:目的 考察生态种植模式下前胡生长状况和品质影响,优化生态种植方法。方法 考察不同成熟度种子、播种时间、海拔、摘薹、遮阴条件对前胡出苗率、抽薹率、产量和品质等的影响。采用高效液相色谱法同时测量白花前胡甲素、白花前胡乙素和白花前胡素E含量,进行前胡品质表征。结果 建立了前胡生态种植模式下质优高产的栽培方法,其要点可概括为选择1年生青黄色种子,在12月中下旬、海拔较高、遮阴度达到60%的地块条播,待3—5月抽薹时摘薹,同时进行必要的田间维护与管理。结论 本栽培方法能有效地减少前胡抽薹,提高有效成分含量,提升前胡栽培药材的品质,创造更高的经济和社会效益。
中文关键词:前胡  生态种植模式  出苗率  抽薹率  产量  品质
 
Effects of Cultivation Methods on Growth and Quality of Peucedani Radix
Abstract:Objective To investigate the growth and quality of Peucedani Radix under different cultivation methods.Methods The emergence rate, bolting rate, yield and quality of Peucedani Radix were investigated under different treatment conditions of seeds, sowing time, altitude, bolt-removing and shading. Moreover, the contents of praeruptorin A, praeruptorin B and praeruptorin E were determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) to characterize the quality of Peucedani Radix.Results Cultivation methods for high yield and quality of Peucedani Radix were established, and the key points were summarized as follows: selecting annual seeds with green and yellow seed coat, sowing them in the middle and late December at high altitude plots with 60% shading, and removing the bolting stem in plant bolting in March-May, accompanied by necessary field maintenance and management.Conclusion The cultivation methods effectively reduced the bolting rate, increased the contents of effective components, and improved the yield and quality of cultivated Peucedani Radix, thus creating high economic and social benefits.
keywords:Peucedani Radix  ecological planting model  emergence rate  bolting rate  yield  quality
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