内蒙古自治区第四次与第三次全国中药资源普查药用植物资源物种变化分析
投稿时间:2023-07-28     点此下载全文
引用本文:赵泽源,魏欣欣,张明旭,毕雅琼,刘跃飞,李旻辉.内蒙古自治区第四次与第三次全国中药资源普查药用植物资源物种变化分析[J].中国现代中药,2023,25(12):2453-2457
DOI:10.13313/j.issn.1673-4890.20230728001
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作者中文名作者英文名单位中文名单位英文名E-Mail
赵泽源 ZHAO Ze-yuan 包头医学院,内蒙古 包头 014040 Baotou Medical College, Baotou 014040, China  
魏欣欣 WEI Xin-xin 内蒙古大学,内蒙古 呼和浩特 010021 Inner Mongolia University, Hohhot 010021, China  
张明旭 ZHANG Ming-xu 中国中医科学院 中药资源中心 道地药材品质保障与资源持续利用全国重点实验室,北京 100700 State Key Laboratory for Quality Ensurance and Sustainable Use of Dao-di Herbs, National Resource Center for Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, China  
毕雅琼 BI Ya-qiong 内蒙古自治区中蒙医药研究院,内蒙古 呼和浩特 010010 Inner Mongolia Traditional Chinese & Mongolian Medical Research Institute, Hohhot 010010, China  
刘跃飞 LIU Yue-fei 内蒙古九禾农业科技发展有限公司,内蒙古 兴安 137626 Inner Mongolia Jiuhe Agricultural Technology Development Co., Ltd., Xing'an 137626, China  
李旻辉* LI Min-hui 包头医学院,内蒙古 包头 014040
内蒙古大学,内蒙古 呼和浩特 010021
内蒙古自治区中蒙医药研究院,内蒙古 呼和浩特 010010
Baotou Medical College, Baotou 014040, China
Inner Mongolia University, Hohhot 010021, China
Inner Mongolia Traditional Chinese & Mongolian Medical Research Institute, Hohhot 010010, China
 
基金项目:财政部和农业农村部:国家现代农业产业技术体系资助项目;内蒙古自治区科技计划项目(2021GG0377,2021GG0091);内蒙古自治区科技创新引导奖励资金项目(2022CXYD001);内蒙古自治区蒙医药标准化项目(2023-〔MB023〕)
中文摘要:对内蒙古自治区中药资源普查现状进行系统性概述。通过对比内蒙古自治区第四次与第三次全国中药资源普查药用植物资源物种变化情况发现,第四次全国中药资源普查内蒙古自治区药用植物增加了24科203属770种,减少了25科53属108种。从技术方法、条件限制、自然因素、人为因素等方面对第四次与第三次中药资源普查物种变化原因进行系统性分析,结果表明,人员配置、技术方法、仪器设备、政策体系等方面的改进和提升使普查到的药用植物数量大幅增加;气候变化、外来物种入侵、道路建设、掠夺式开采等因素使部分物种的适宜生存区域减小或使部分物种处于濒危状态,导致这些物种未被调查到。根据第三次与第四次中药资源普查物种变化情况提出药用植物资源保护策略,以期为中医药产业现代化发展提供参考。
中文关键词:第四次全国中药资源普查  内蒙古自治区  药用植物  物种变化
 
Analysis of Species Changes of Medicinal Plant Resources in the Fourth and Third National Survey of Traditional Chinese Medicine Resources in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
Abstract:This paper systematically reviewed the status quo of the survey of traditional Chinese medicine resources in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. By comparing the species changes of medicinal plant resources in the fourth and third national surveys of traditional Chinese medicine resources in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, it was found that the fourth national survey of traditional Chinese medicine resources increased 24 families, 203 genera, and 770 species of medicinal plants in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region and decreased 25 families, 53 genera, and 108 species. A systematic analysis was conducted on the causes of species changes in the fourth and third national surveys of traditional Chinese medicine resources from the perspectives of technical methods, conditional limitations, natural factors, and human factors. The results showed that improvements in personnel allocation, technical methods, instruments and equipment, and policy systems have led to a significant increase in the number of medicinal plants surveyed. Climate change, invasive alien species, road construction, and predatory mining have reduced or endangered the suitable habitats of some species, resulting in some species not being investigated. The paper proposed strategies for protecting medicinal plant resources based on species changes during the third and fourth national surveys of traditional Chinese medicine resources, with a view to providing a reference for the modernization of the traditional Chinese medicine industry.
keywords:the fourth national survey of traditional Chinese medicine resources  Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region  medicinal plants  species change
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