中药材产地加工(趁鲜切制)政策实施成效与建议
投稿时间:2024-01-12     点此下载全文
引用本文:李鹏英,郑建超,杨寒冰,王纪威,曾燕,杜杰,王继永.中药材产地加工(趁鲜切制)政策实施成效与建议[J].中国现代中药,2024,26(4):593-602
DOI:10.13313/j.issn.1673-4890.20240112001
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作者中文名作者英文名单位中文名单位英文名E-Mail
李鹏英 LI Peng-ying 中国中药有限公司,北京 102600 China National Traditional Chinese Medicine Co., Ltd., Beijing 102600, China  
郑建超 ZHENG Jian-chao 中国中药有限公司,北京 102600 China National Traditional Chinese Medicine Co., Ltd., Beijing 102600, China  
杨寒冰 YANG Han-bing 山东中平药业有限公司,山东 平邑 273300 Zhongping Pharmaceutical Industry Co., Ltd., Pingyi 273300, China  
王纪威 WANG Ji-wei 国药种业有限公司,北京 102600 China Traditional Chinese Medicine Seed & Seedling Co., Ltd., Beijing 102600, China  
曾燕 ZENG Yan 中国中药有限公司,北京 102600 China National Traditional Chinese Medicine Co., Ltd., Beijing 102600, China  
杜杰 DU Jie 中国中药有限公司,北京 102600 China National Traditional Chinese Medicine Co., Ltd., Beijing 102600, China  
王继永* WANG Ji-yong 中国中药有限公司,北京 102600 China National Traditional Chinese Medicine Co., Ltd., Beijing 102600, China  
基金项目:财政部和农业农村部:国家现代农业产业技术体系资助项目;工业和信息化部中药全产业链质量技术服务平台项目(TC220A04N);河北省科技厅中药材现代种业科技创新团队项目(21326312D)
中文摘要:中药材产地加工是中药材产业链中承上启下的关键环节,对保证和提高中药质量有重要意义。通过梳理国家层面和地方层面中药材产地加工相关政策,分析各地政策布局特点,发现中药材产地加工在加工能力、生产规范性、运行模式及带动增收方面均取得阶段性成效。同时,与农作物相比,中药材产地加工的针对性支持政策较少,可趁鲜加工品种有限,标准体系有待完善,技术研发不够深入,机械化水平较低,散户加工卫生硬件条件有待改善,加工企业降本增效难。建议加大中药材产地加工政策支持力度,探索多元化服务方式,扩大趁鲜切制目录范围,构建完善的标准体系,引导产学研深度衔接,加快技术研究与设备开发,扶持龙头示范企业,引导资源聚集,构建中药材产地加工产业集群,为中药材产地加工规范化、规模化、信息化发展提供支持。
中文关键词:中药材  产地加工  趁鲜切制  政策
 
Policy Implementation Effects and Suggestions on Primary Processing (Fresh-cut) of Chinese Medicinal Materials
Abstract:As a crucial link in the industry chain of Chinese medicinal materials, primary processing is a pivotal importance for the quality of Chinese medicine. This study sorted out the national and local policies related to primary processing (fresh-cut) of Chinese medicinal materials and analyzed the characteristics of the policies. The results showed that the policies had attained achievements in the processing capacity, standardization of production, operating pattern, and farmers' income. Compared with crop processing, the primary processing of Chinese medicinal materials faced a variety of problems such as insufficient polies, limited varieties of medicinal materials for fresh-cut, unsound standard system, low technical and mechanization levels, poor hygienic conditions of scattered farmers, and difficulties in cost reducing and efficiency increasing of enterprises. To promote the standardization, scaling, and information incorporation of the primary processing of Chinese medicinal materials, this article puts forward the following suggestions, including increasing targeted policies, exploring diverse service modes, expanding the scope of fresh-cut catalogs of Chinese medicinal materials, building a sound standard system, promoting the deep cooperation of production, education, and research, accelerating technical research and equipment development, supporting leading demonstration enterprises, guiding resource aggregation, and building industrial clusters for the primary processing of Chinese medicinal materials.
keywords:Chinese medicinal materials  primary processing  fresh-cut  policy
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