枣庄市药用植物资源现状及中药材产业发展分析
投稿时间:2024-01-21     点此下载全文
引用本文:沈亮,马坤,褚福浩,梁继荣,李润东,陆希锋,陈曦.枣庄市药用植物资源现状及中药材产业发展分析[J].中国现代中药,2024,26(4):609-615
DOI:10.13313/j.issn.1673-4890.20240121002
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作者中文名作者英文名单位中文名单位英文名E-Mail
沈亮 SHEN Liang 国家自然博物馆,北京 100050 National Natural History Museum of China, Beijing 100050, China  
马坤 MA Kun 枣庄市生态环境局 台儿庄分局,山东 枣庄 277400 Tai'erzhuang Branch of Ecological Environment Bureau of Zaozhuang, Zaozhuang 277400, China  
褚福浩 CHU Fu-hao 北京中医药大学,北京 102401 Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 102401, China  
梁继荣 LIANG Ji-rong 枣庄市中医医院,山东 枣庄 277099 Zaozhuang Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Zaozhuang 277099, China  
李润东 LI Run-dong 枣庄市中医医院,山东 枣庄 277099 Zaozhuang Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Zaozhuang 277099, China  
陆希锋 LU Xi-feng 枣庄市营养学会,山东 枣庄 277000 Zaozhuang Society of Nutrition, Zaozhuang 277000, China  
陈曦* CHEN Xi 枣庄市中医医院,山东 枣庄 277099 Zaozhuang Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Zaozhuang 277099, China  
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目(82274051);北京市科学技术研究院北科萌芽计划项目(BGS202111);山东省中医药科技项目(2021Z024);枣庄市自主创新及成果转化计划项目(2022GH42);枣庄市科学技术普及项目(KCZGXM202301-2,KCZGXM202304-1)
中文摘要:目的 对山东省枣庄市药用植物资源现状进行调研,为该市中药材产业发展提供依据。方法 依据第四次全国中药资源普查相关数据,结合实地调查和走访,同时采用天眼查征信平台查询和SWOT分析法对枣庄市中药材产业发展现状进行分析,找出存在的问题并提出建议。结果 枣庄市现有药用植物460余种,野生资源蕴藏量较大的有侧柏、酸枣和野胡萝卜等,种植面积超过10万亩(1亩≈666.67 m2)的药用植物有花椒、石榴、枣、山楂等;中药材产业以小型农业合作社为主,规模小且分散,主要分布在滕州市、山亭区和市中区,缺少大型医药企业。SWOT分析表明,壮大酸枣仁、大枣、石榴皮、花椒等特色中药材产业规模,扶持中药材加工企业,引进及培养科技人才可促进该市中药材产业的健康快速发展。结论 枣庄市药用植物资源丰富,研究结果可为该市中药材产业发展提供参考。
中文关键词:枣庄市  中药材  资源调查  种植产业  SWOT分析
 
Current Status of Medicinal Plant Resources and Industry Development of Chinese Medicinal Materials in Zaozhuang City
Abstract:Objective To investigate the medicinal plant resources in Zaozhuang City of Shandong Province and provide a basis for formulating relevant policies and plans for the development of the Chinese medicinal materials (CMM) industry in the city.Methods The data from the Fourth Chinese Materia Medica Resources Survey and a conducted survey were analyzed to reveal the development status of the CMM industry in Zaozhuang City by the application the credit checking platform Tianyancha and the strength, weakness, opportunity, and threat (SWOT) analysis. According to the existing problems, suggestions were put forward.Results There were over 460 species of medicinal plants in Zaozhuang City, among which Platycladus orientalis, Ziziphus jujuba var. spinosa, and Daucus carota had large reserves. The medicinal plants with the planting area more than 100 000 mu (1 mu≈666.67 m2) included Zanthoxylum bungeanum, Punica granatum, Ziziphus jujube, and Crataegus pinnatifida. The CMM development in this city was mainly based on small and scattered agricultural cooperatives, which were mainly distributed in Tengzhou, Shanting, and Shizhong, with few large pharmaceutical enterprises. The SWOT analysis showed that expanding the industrial scale of CMM such as Granati Pericarpium, Ziziphi Spinosae Semen, Jujubae Fructus, and Zanthoxyli Pericarpium and introducing and cultivating relevant talents can promote the healthy and rapid development of the CMM industry in Zaozhuang City.Conclusion Medicinal plant resources were abundant in Zaozhuang City. The results of the study can provide reference for the development planning of the CMM industry in this city.
keywords:Zaozhuang City  Chinese medicinal materials  resource investigation  planting industry  SWOT analysis
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